WHY IS SKIN MORE FRAGILE DURING WINTER?
When it is cold, superficial blood vessels contract, restricting blood flow to the skin. To protect the body, blood circulation is redirected toward the organs in order to prevent bodily fluids from freezing. Decreased irrigation causes the skin to function in slow motion and contracted vessels make the skin look dull.
Consequence: Sebum Production Decreases Significantly.
Below 7° C, the body no longer produces sebum, making the skin less lubricated, more exposed, and less resistant. Because the ambient air is drier in Winter and the skin is more exposed due to low sebum production, the moisture it contains evaporates through osmosis.
Sunlight, fundamental to life, is mainly absorbed by the skin. In the Winter, decreased luminosity slows down our skin’s metabolic rate.
PROTECTION AND GENTLE STIMULATION
Don’t Skimp on Protective Products
Recommend rich, film-forming lotions that hold to the body and face. Balms are very effective in this matter. They repair, protect, and are ultra-nourishing. Balms restore the skin’s lipid contents, which helps the skin absorb them more deeply and rapidly. Their action is long-lasting and tailor-made, as the skin will absorb as much as needed.
“Dress” the Skin
In my opinion, the best way to “dress” the face is to apply a foundation that will cover and protect the skin, and create an additional barrier to lock moisture in.
Regularly treat your client’s skin with repairing, nourishing masks.
Gently stimulating your client’s skin is important, especially in Winter when environmental conditions are harsher. The most common stimulation technique is the Jacquet pinch. Gently pinching your client’s skin will stimulate fibroblasts, oxygenation, and activate blood circulation.
Use the Right Nourishing Products
There are many ways to stimulate your client’s skin. Use rich lotions that hold to the body and face, and restore the skin’s lipid contents. Peels coupled with light therapy are also a good option. LED sessions and light therapy that provide the skin with different wavelengths of light can equally help maintain collagen levels during the Winter months.
The variety of available sunscreen products raises many questions. Does a high FPS guarantee better protection? Are mineral filters more efficient than chemical ones? Is price an indication of quality? Spray or cream? Following is an overview of the main issues regarding sunscreen and the undesirable effects of UVA and UVB rays on the skin.